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Discrimination in the 21st Century: Fostering Conversations Across Fields

This conference brought together researchers from different fields to discuss crucial themes around discrimination. Experts from economics, artificial intelligence, behavioral sciences, healthcare, sociology, and more, interacted with each other through presentations and open panel discussions. This cross-disciplinary conference is organized around four crucial themes: (a) the state of discrimination in economics and business; (b) systemic and structural sources of discrimination; (c) discrimination in healthcare and law; (d) and the impact of discrimination on economic growth.


  • Kerwin Charles , Indra K. Nooyi Dean & Frederic D. Wolfe Professor of Economics, Policy, and Management, Yale School of Management

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Friday, May 6, 2022
7:45 am - 8:15 am
Continental Breakfast

8th Floor Lounge

8:15 am - 8:30 am
Welcome and Opening Remarks
Session 1: The State of Discrimination in Economics and Business

Chair: Heather Tookes, Yale University


8:30 am - 11:00 am
Paper Presentations and Discussion

What We Teach About Race and Gender: Representation in Images and Text of Children’s Books

Anjali Adukia, University of Chicago (Presenter)

Alex Eble, Columbia University (Co-author)

Emileigh Harrison, University of Chicago (Co-author)

Hakizumwami Birali Runesha, University of Chicago (Co-author)

Teodora Szasz, University of Chicago (Co-author)


Angelino Viceisza, Spelman College (Discussant)


Informed Choices: Gender Gaps in Career Advice

Melanie Wasserman, University of California, Los Angeles (Presenter)

Yana Gallen, University of Chicago (Co-author)


Ben Posmanick, St. Bonaventure University (Discussant)


Automation and Racial Disparities in Small Business Lending: Evidence from the Paycheck Protection Program

Sabrina T. Howell, New York University (Presenter)

Theresa Kuchler, New York University (Co-author)

David Snitkof, Ocrolus (Co-author)

Johannes Stroebel, New York University (Co-author)

Jun Wong, University of Chicago (Co-author)


Tetyana Balyuk, Emory University (Discussant)

11:00 am - 12:00 pm
Panel Discussion: The State of Discrimination in Economics and Business

Amanda Bayer, Swarthmore College

Kristen Broady, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Marionette Holmes, Spelman College

Luigi Zingales, University of Chicago

Moderator: Marianne Bertrand, University of Chicago

12:00 pm - 2:00 pm

1st Dining Room

Session 2: Systemic and Structural Sources of Discrimination

Chair: Heather Sarsons, University of Chicago

2:00 pm - 4:30 pm
Paper Presentations and Discussion

Systemic Discrimination: Theory and Measurement

Peter Hull, Brown University (Presenter)

J. Aislinn Bohren, University of Pennsylvania (Co-author)

Alex Imas, University of Chicago (Co-author)


Ashesh Rambachan, Harvard University (Discussant)


Race, Policy, and Individual Labor Productivity: The 1964 Civil Rights Act and Pitcher Batter Confrontations in Major League Baseball

Andrew W. Nutting, Bryn Mawr College (Presenter)

Andrew E. Sfekas, Cornerstone Research (Co-author)


Sitian Liu, Queen’s University (Discussant)


Systemic Discrimination Among Largest U.S. Employers

Evan K. Rose, University of Chicago (Presenter)

Patrick M. Kline, University of California, Berkeley (Co-author)

Christopher R. Walters, University of California, Berkeley (Co-author)


Peter Blair, Harvard University (Discussant)

4:30 pm - 5:30 pm
Panel Discussion: Systemic and Structural Sources of Discrimination

Walter Katz, Arnold Ventures

Jane Risen, University of Chicago

Shannell Thomas, Bowie State University

Talitha Washington, Atlanta University Center and Data Science Initiative

Moderator: Ray Reagans, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

5:30 pm - 6:30 pm

Study Hotel – Winter Garden

6:30 pm - 9:00 pm

Study Hotel – Winter Garden

Keynote speaker: Kerwin Charles (Yale University)

Saturday, May 7, 2022
7:30 am - 8:00 am
Continental Breakfast

8th Floor Lounge

Session 3: Discrimination in Healthcare and Law

Chair: Alex Imas, University of Chicago

8:00 am - 10:00 am
Paper Presentations and Discussion

Capacity Strain and Racial Disparities in Hospital Mortality

Manasvini Singh, University of Massachusetts (Presenter)

Atheendar Venkataraman, University of Pennsylvania (Co-author)


Hannes Schwandt, Northwestern University (Discussant)


Discrimination and Quality Signals: A Field Experiment with Healthcare Shoppers

Alex Chan, Stanford University (Presenter)


Luke Stein, Babson College (Discussant)


Brokers of Bias in the Criminal System: Do Prosecutors Compound or Attenuate Earlier Racial Disparities

Emma Harrington, Princeton University (Presenter)

Hannah Shaffer, Harvard University (Co-author)


Sasha Indarte, University of Pennsylvania (Discussant)

10:00 am - 11:00 am
Panel Discussion: Discrimination in Healthcare and Law

Marcella Alsan, Harvard Kennedy School

Kate Baicker, University of Chicago

David K. A. Mordecai, Risk Economics, Inc.

Ziad Obermeyer, University of California Berkeley

Moderator: Sendhil Mullainathan, University of Chicago

11:00 am - 12:00 pm

1st Dining Room

Session 4: The Impact of Discrimination on Economic Growth

Chair: Pietro Veronesi, University of Chicago

12:00 pm - 2:00 pm
Paper Presentations and Discussions

Designing Gender Equity: Evidence from Hiring Practices and Committees

Tatiana Mocanu, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign (Presenter)


Nicola Persico, Northwestern University (Discussant)


Talent Allocation in the Indian Economy: Measurement and Policy Implications

Kopal Mathur, University of Queensland (Presenter)


Soumitra Shukla, Federal Reserve (Discussant)


Race and Redistribution in the United States: An Experimental Analysis

Robert D. Metcalfe, University of Southern California (Presenter)

Jesper Akesson, University of Oxford (Co-author)

Robert W. Hahn, Georgetown University (Co-author)

Itzhak Rasooly, Oxford University (Co-author)


Chang-Tai Hsieh, University of Chicago (Discussant)

2:00 pm - 3:00 pm
Panel Discussion: The Impact of Discrimination on Economic Growth

Roseanna Ander, University of Chicago

Erik Hurst, University of Chicago

Felicia Joy, Edelman

Nancy Qian, Northwestern University

Moderator: Pietro Veronesi, University of Chicago

3:00 pm - 3:30 pm
Wrap Up & Closing Remarks