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Insights / Research BriefOct 27, 2023

Dictatorship, Higher Education and Social Mobility • Higher Education and Mortality: Legacies of an Authoritarian College Contraction • The Intergenerational Transmission of Higher Education: Evidence from the 1973 Coup in Chile

Maria Angélica Bautista, Felipe González, Luis Martínez, Pablo Muñoz, Mounu Prem
Following the coup of 1973 that brought military dictatorship to Chile under Augusto Pinochet’s rule, enrollment in higher education fell (owing to reduced government spending), with negative effects on those missing out; Broadly, those who were affected experienced an increase in mortality rates, worse labor market outcomes, lower consumption of health services, and were more likely dependent on public health services. Decades later, the children of those who were denied a college education were also less likely to attend college.
Topics:  Development Economics
Insights / Research BriefOct 03, 2023

Private Actions in the Presence of Externalities: The Health Impacts of Reducing Air Pollution Peaks but not Ambient Exposure

Joshua Dean, Susanna B. Berkouwer
Improved cookstoves reduce exposure to peak cooking emissions by 42%, though impacts on overall pollution exposure are muted by high ambient pollution. The reduction in peak emissions reduces self-reported respiratory symptoms but does not improve more quantitative diagnoses such as blood pressure or blood oxygen.
Topics:  Development Economics, Energy & Environment, Health care
Insights / Research BriefMay 26, 2023

Gang Rule: Understanding and Countering Criminal Governance

Christopher Blattman, Gustavo Duncan, Benjamin Lessing, Santiago Tobón
In Medellín, Colombia, gangs provide residents of low- and middle-income neighborhoods with key governing services to reduce the need for state presence, thereby protecting their drug profits. Increased state presence leads to increased gang presence, suggesting new strategies for countering criminal governance.
Topics:  Development Economics
Insights / Research BriefDec 01, 2022

Measuring Religion from Behavior: Climate Shocks and Religious Adherence in Afghanistan

Oeindrila Dube, Joshua E. Blumenstock, Michael Callen
A new measure of religious adherence, developed using cell phone data, shows that when economic conditions in Afghanistan worsen, people become more religiously observant.
Insights / Research BriefOct 18, 2022

Calculating the Costs and Benefits of Advance Preparations for Future Pandemics

Rachel Glennerster, Christopher M. Snyder, Brandon Joel Tan
Without additional action we should expect to lose an average of at least $800 billion every year to future pandemics. Investing to expand vaccine production so that we could vaccinate 70% of the global population against a new virus within six months would cost $60 billion up front and $5 billion a year and generate an expected net present value of over $400 billion. If the US went it alone it would generate $47 billion in net benefits or $141 per head, just from the first significant pandemic.
Topics:  COVID-19
Insights / Video

Innovations in Market Design

In the twenty years since UChicago’s Rachel Glennerster and Michael Kremer proposed Advanced Market Commitments...
Insights / Video

Policy Innovation through Experimentation (for Development): Drawing on Lessons from Public Policy in China and the Chilean Government

This event featured two case studies on policy innovation through experimentation (for development). David Yang,...
Insights / Video

Innovation, Experimentation, and Economics: Keynote Address by Michael Kremer

In this lecture, Nobel laureate Michael Kremer, University Professor at the University of Chicago, discussed...