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Insights / Research BriefAug 30, 2023

Effects of Welfare Reform on Parenting and the Quality of Young Children’s Home Environments

Hope Corman, Dhaval Dave, Ariel Kalil, Nancy E. Reichman, Ofira Schwarz-Soicher
Welfare reform did not affect the amount of time and material resources mothers devoted to cognitively stimulating activities with their young children, but did have significant negative effects on mothers’ provision of emotional support, with stronger effects for mothers with low human capital. Among older children, welfare reform had adverse effects on engagement in parent-child activities, children feeling close to their mothers, and mothers knowing their children’s whereabouts, with the effects generally concentrated among boys.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefJul 28, 2023

Certification And Recertification In Welfare Programs: What Happens When Automation Goes Wrong?

Derek Wu, Bruce D. Meyer
Enrollment in SNAP, TANF, and Medicaid fell by 15%, 24%, and 4% one year after automation, likely attributable to insufficient personalized assistance from caseworkers, lower tolerance for application and recertification errors, and delays and technical glitches at overwhelmed call centers.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefApr 04, 2023

Breaking the Glass Ceiling: Empowering Female Entrepreneurs through Female Mentors

Frank Germann, Stephen J. Anderson, Pradeep Chintagunta, Naufel Vilcassim
Female entrepreneurs ran more successful firms after receiving mentorship from women, compared to a control group that received no mentorship and female entrepreneurs who were mentored by men.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefMar 27, 2023

The Mortality of the US Homeless Population

Ilina Logani, Bruce D. Meyer, Angela Wyse
Non-elderly people experiencing homelessness have 3.5 times higher mortality than those who are housed; homeless individuals’ mortality rose by 33 percent during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefMar 22, 2023

A Trajectories-Based Approach to Measuring Intergenerational Mobility

Yoosoon Chang, Steven N. Durlauf, Seunghee Lee, Joon Y. Park
While much research on intergenerational mobility has focused on the influence of parental income while children are young, this research shows how marginal changes in income at each age affect expected offspring permanent income; parental income at adolescence proves key.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefMar 02, 2023

Parental Education and Invention: The Finnish Enigma

Philippe Aghion, Ufuk Akcigit, Ari Hyytinen, Otto Toivanen
Education is key in determining whether offspring become inventors; the establishment of new universities allows higher-ability parents to study in a university, which enhances both the parents’ and their children’s human capital and skill formation, and increases offspring’s capacity to invent.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefOct 05, 2022

Three Criteria for Evaluating Social Programs

James Heckman, Jorge Luis García
Of three commonly applied measures of social programs, the best method is net social benefit (NSB), which captures the net expansion or contraction of the social possibility frontier and, thus, better reflects how projects may vary in scale and content.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefAug 29, 2022

Real-Time Poverty, Material Well-Being, and the Child Tax Credit

Jeehoon Han, Bruce Meyer, James X. Sullivan
Contrary to conventional wisdom regarding the impact of temporary changes to Child Tax Credit payments, poverty was likely relatively stable in 2021 and the first half of 2022.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty