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Insights / Research BriefMay 23, 2024

Can You Erase the Mark of a Criminal Record? Labor Market Impacts of Criminal Record Remediation

Amanda Y. Agan, Andrew Garin, Dmitri K. Koustas, Alexandre Mas, Crystal Yang
Removing a previously obtained criminal record does not improve labor market outcomes, on average, with the notable exception of participation in gig work through online platforms.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty, Employment & Wages
Insights / Research BriefApr 23, 2024

Early Predictors of Racial Disparities in Criminal Justice Involvement

Andrew Jordan, Ezra Karger, Derek Neal
Detailed measures of early academic achievement and socioeconomic status are powerful predictors of future criminal justice involvement; however, while reforms that improve school quality and neighborhood environments are likely to reduce future racial disparities in criminal justice involvement, such improvements alone are not likely to eliminate these disparities.
Topics:  Early Childhood Education, Economic Mobility & Poverty, Higher Education & Workforce Training
Insights / Research BriefApr 18, 2024

Does Nothing Stop a Bullet Like a Job? The Effects of Income on Crime

Jens Ludwig, Kevin Schnepel
Policies that reduce economic desperation reduce property crime (and hence overall crime rates) but have little effect on violent crime.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefApr 08, 2024

A Discrimination Report Card

Patrick Kline, Evan K. Rose, Christopher R. Walters
A new statistical methodology is used to grade the race and gender callback gaps of large US employers and shows that firms assigned the worst grade are estimated to favor white applicants over Black applicants by 24%, while those assigned the best grade favor white applicants by only 3%. Gender discrimination is rare at the interview stage and concentrated in certain industries.
Topics:  Employment & Wages, Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefFeb 27, 2024

Lives vs. Livelihoods: The Impact of the Great Recession on Mortality and Welfare

Amy Finkelstein, Matthew J. Notowidigdo, Frank Schilbach, Jonathan Zhang
Recessions reduce mortality, driven largely by the external health effects of reduced economic activity (such as decreases in air pollution); this substantially reduces the welfare cost of recessions, particularly for older people and workers with less education.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefNov 30, 2023

Laffer’s Day in Court: The Revenue Effects of Criminal Justice Fees and Fines

Evan K. Rose, Samuel Norris
For a small subset of criminal defendants, often those who are poor, Black, and charged with felonies, court fines are set so high that reducing them could increase revenue. Decreasing court fines for the average defendant, however, would come at substantial cost to governments.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefNov 09, 2023

Impacts of Home-Care Subsidies: Evidence from Quasi-Random Assignment

Yuval Ofek-Shanny, Avner Strulov-Shlain, Dan Zeltzer
Applicants who receive home-care subsidies from more lenient evaluators experience large adverse health effects. Their adult children do not experience better labor market outcomes.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty
Insights / Research BriefOct 19, 2023

Labor Market Impacts of Reducing Felony Convictions

Dmitri Koustas, Amanda Y. Agan, Andrew Garin, Alexandre Mas
Retroactively reducing felonies to misdemeanors leads to employment benefits forindividuals who (likely) requested their reductions, but no benefits among the larger subset of individuals whose records were reduced without their involvement.
Topics:  Economic Mobility & Poverty, Employment & Wages