Research / BFI Working PaperJan 01, 2016

Will We Ever Stop Using Fossil Fuels?

Scientists believe significant climate change is unavoidable without a drastic reduction in the emissions of greenhouse gases from the combustion of fossil fuels. However, few countries have implemented comprehensive policies that price this externality or devote serious resources to developing low carbon energy sources. In many respects, the world is betting that we will greatly reduce the use of fossil fuels because we will run out of inexpensive fossil fuels (i.e., decreases in supply) and/or technological advances will lead to the discovery of less expensive low carbon technologies (i.e., decreases in demand). The historical record indicates that the supply of fossil fuels has consistently increased over time and that their relative price advantage over low carbon energy sources has not declined substantially over time. Without robust efforts to correct the market failures around greenhouse gases, relying on supply and/or demand forces to limit greenhouse gas emissions is relying heavily on hope.

More Research From These Scholars

BFI Working Paper Jan 15, 2021

Indoor Air Quality, Information, and Socio-Economic Status: Evidence from Delhi

Michael Greenstone, Kenneth Lee, Harshil Sahai
Topics:  Energy & Environment
BFI Working Paper Nov 3, 2020

Do Renewable Portfolio Standards Deliver Cost-Effective Carbon Abatement?

Michael Greenstone, Ishan Nath
Topics:  Energy & Environment
BFI Working Paper Feb 15, 2021

China’s War on Pollution: Evidence from the First Five Years

Michael Greenstone, Guojun He, Shanjun Li, Eric Zou
Topics:  Energy & Environment