Political polarization and competing narratives can undermine public policy implementation. Partisanship may play a particularly important role in shaping heterogeneous responses to collective risk during periods of crisis when political agents manipulate signals received by the public (i.e., alternative facts). We study these dynamics in the United States, focusing on how partisanship has influenced the use of face masks to stem the spread of COVID-19. Using a wealth of micro-level data, machine learning approaches, and a novel quasi-experimental design, we document four facts: (1) mask use is robustly correlated with partisanship; (2) the impact of partisanship on mask use is not offset by local policy interventions; (3) partisanship is the single most important predictor of local mask use, not COVID severity or local policies; (4) Trump’s unexpected mask use at Walter Reed on July 11, 2020 significantly increased social media engagement with and positive sentiment towards mask-related topics. These results unmask how partisanship undermines effective public responses to collective risk and how messaging by political agents can increase public engagement with mask use.

More Research From These Scholars

BFI Working Paper May 7, 2020

Poverty and Economic Dislocation Reduce Compliance with COVID-19 Shelter-in-Place Protocols

Austin Wright, Konstantin Sonin, Jesse Driscoll, Jarnickae Wilson
Topics:  COVID-19
BFI Working Paper Aug 4, 2020

Tracking Mask Mandates during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Austin Wright, Geet Chawla, Luke Chen, Anthony Farmer, IPAL Lab, DPSS Lab
Topics:  COVID-19
BFI Working Paper Mar 23, 2020

Rebel Capacity and Combat Tactics

Konstantin Sonin, Austin Wright